1-pentanol


1-pentanol, amyl alcohol, butyl carbinol, butylcarbinol, n-amyl alcohol, n-pentanol, n-pentyl alcohol, pentan-1-ol, pentanol
In russian:н-амиловый спирт
Links:🌍 Wikipedia, 📏 NIST, 🕷 ChemSpider, 📖 PubMed
CAS:[71-41-0]
Formula:C5H12O; 88.15 g/mol
InChiKey:AMQJEAYHLZJPGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Molecular structure of pentanol
Density:0.815 g/mL
Molar volume:108.2 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.408
Molecular refractive power:26.68 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:13.90
Dipole moment:1.70 D
Melting point:-78 °C
Boiling point:138 °C
Vapour pressure:3 Torr
Antoine equation
P(Torr) vs T(°C)
Vapour pressure vs temperature
Surface tension:25.60 dyn/cm
Viscosity:4.00 cP
Critical temperature:313 °C
Critical pressure:37.9 atm
Evaporation rate (butyl acetate):0.3
Solubility in water:2 % w/w
Solubility of water:9 % w/w
Log10 partition water / activated carbon:2.74
Log10 partition octanol / water:1.40
Solvent strength (ε0, alumina):0.61
Dimroth ET:49.1
100g dissolves:
32.37g benzoic acid;    25.69g phenyl 2-hydroxybenzoate;    4.88g 4-nitrobenzyl chloride;    3.64g 4'-ethoxyacetanilide;    3.5g (R,R)-tartaric acid;    3.33g chrysarobin;    1.755g 2,4,6-trinitrophenol;    1.14g andromedotoxin;    0.881g morphine;    0.55g strychnine;    0.5g caffeine;    0.303g cytisine;    0.049g (7-diethylaminophenoxazin-3-ylidene)-diethylazanium chloride
1g dissolvs in:
38.46g water
Specific heat capacity:37.0 cal/molK
Latent heat of fusion:2,345 cal/mol

Isomers

(R)-2-methylbutanol
Molecular structure of (R)-2-methylbutanol
(R)-2-pentanol
Molecular structure of (R)-2-pentanol
(R)-3-methyl-2-butanol
Molecular structure of (R)-3-methyl-2-butanol
1-methoxy-2-methylpropane
Molecular structure of 1-methoxy-2-methylpropane
2,2-dimethyl-1-propanol
Molecular structure of 2,2-dimethyl-1-propanol
2-ethoxypropane
Molecular structure of 2-ethoxypropane
2-methoxy-2-methylpropane
Molecular structure of 2-methoxy-2-methylpropane
2-methyl-1-butanol
Molecular structure of 2-methyl-1-butanol
2-methyl-2-butanol
Molecular structure of 2-methyl-2-butanol
2-pentanol
Molecular structure of 2-pentanol
3-methyl-1-butanol
Molecular structure of 3-methyl-1-butanol
3-methyl-2-butanol
Molecular structure of 3-methyl-2-butanol
3-pentanol
Molecular structure of 3-pentanol
ethyl propyl ether
Molecular structure of ethyl propyl ether
methyl butyl ether
Molecular structure of methyl butyl ether
methyl sec-butyl ether
Molecular structure of methyl sec-butyl ether
pentanol
Molecular structure of pentanol