amyl hydride; n-pentane; pentane
In russian:пентан
Links:🌍 Wikipedia, 📏 NIST, ⚗️ ChemSynthesis, 📖 PubMed,
📖Houben-Weyl, 2. Band (Pentan); p. 230
CAS RN:[109-66-0]
Formula:C5H12; 72.15 g/mol
Molecular structure of pentane
Use:anesthetic; artificial ice refrigerant; low temperature thermometers; lubricant for Claude liquid air machine; organic syntheses
Density:0.626 g/mL
Molar volume:115.2 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.358
Molecular refractive power:25.27 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:1.80
Dipole moment:0.00 D
Melting point:-129 °C
Boiling point:36 °C
Vapour pressure:420 Torr
Antoine equation
P(Torr) vs T(°C)
Vapour pressure vs temperature
Surface tension:15.48 dyn/cm
Viscosity:0.23 cP
Critical temperature:197 °C
Critical pressure:32.7 atm
Critical volume:304.00 ml/mol
Evaporation rate (ether):1.0
Evaporation rate (butyl acetate):13.0
Solubility in water:0 % w/w
Solubility of water:0 % w/w
Log10 partition octanol / water:3.23
Snyder P':0.0
Solvent strength (ε0, silica):0.00
Solvent strength (ε0, alumina):0.00
Dimroth ET:31.1
Hildebrant solubility parameter (δ):7.0
Hansen solubility parameter:δd: 7.1 (cal/mL)½   δp: 0.0 (cal/mL)½   δh: 0.0 (cal/mL)½
Kauri butanol value:28
100g dissolves:
0.025g 9,10-phenanthraquinone
Specific heat capacity:40.3 cal/molK
Latent heat of fusion:2,008 cal/mol


Molecular structure of 2,2-dimethylpropane
Molecular structure of 2-methylbutane
Molecular structure of pentane