nitromethane


nitromethane
Links:📏 NIST, ⚗️ ChemSynthesis, 📖 PubMed,
📖Houben-Weyl, 2. Band (Nitromethan); p. 331, 576, 681, 720
CAS:[75-52-5]
Formula:CH3NO2; 61.04 g/mol
InChiKey:LYGJENNIWJXYER-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES:O=[N+]([O-])C
Molecular structure of nitromethane
Use:syntheses of dyes, emulsifing agents, insecticides, larvicides, pharmaceuticals, photographic chemicals, textile chemicals, wetting agents, etc.
Density:1.137 g/mL
Molar volume:53.7 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.382
Molecular refractive power:12.49 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:39.40
Dipole moment:3.54 D
Melting point:-28 °C
Boiling point:103 °C
Vapour pressure:4 Torr
Antoine equation
P(Torr) vs T(°C)
Vapour pressure vs temperature
Surface tension:36.72 dyn/cm
Critical temperature:315 °C
Critical pressure:6.3 atm
Critical volume:173.00 ml/mol
Evaporation rate (butyl acetate):1.3
Solubility in water:10 % w/w
Log10 partition octanol / water:-0.35
Snyder P':6.0
Snyder X:Xe: 0.3    Xd: 0.3    Xn: 0.4
Solvent strength (ε0, alumina):0.64
Dimroth ET:46.3
Hildebrant solubility parameter (δ):12.6
Hansen solubility parameter:δd: 7.7 (cal/ml)^0.5   δp: 9.2 (cal/ml)^0.5   δh: 2.5 (cal/ml)^0.5
Immiscible with:
1,2,3-propanetriol,    1,3-propanediol,    2-ethylhexanol,    ethanediol
Miscible with:
1,2-diethoxyethane,    2,4-pentanedione,    2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethanol,    2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol,    3-methyl-1-butanol,    4-hydroxy-4-methylpentan-2-one,    4-methyl-2-pentanone,    N,N-dimethylaniline,    benzaldehyde,    benzyl alcohol,    butanol,    butyl acetate,    diethyl ether,    ethanol,    ethyl benzoate,    formamide,    furfuryl alcohol,    pyridine,    tetrachloromethane,    tetraethylene glycol dibutyl ether
100g dissolves:
68.9g 4-nitrobenzyl chloride

Isomers

carbamic acid
Molecular structure of carbamic acid
methyl nitrite
Molecular structure of methyl nitrite
nitromethane
Molecular structure of nitromethane