butanol


1-butanol, 1-butyl alcohol, butan-1-ol, butanol, butyl alcohol, butyric alcohol, n-butanol, n-butyl alcohol, propylmethanol
In russian:н-бутиловый спирт
Links:🌍 Wikipedia, 📏 NIST, 🕷 ChemSpider, 📖 PubMed
CAS:[71-36-3]
Formula:C4H10O; 74.12 g/mol
Molecular structure of butanol
Use:airplane dopes; antiseptics; artificial leather; blending agent; butyl compounds; coated papers; dehydrating agent; drugs; dyes; esters; lacquers; latent solvent for nitrocellulose; metal cleaners; molded goods; ore flotation compounds; paint and varnish removers; patent and enameled leather; penetrating oils; perfumes; pharmaceuticals; photographic films; polishes; printing inks; rust removers; safety glass; surface tension depressant; textile products
Density:0.810 g/mL
Molar volume:91.5 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.399
Molecular refractive power:22.16 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:7.80
Dipole moment:1.75 D
Melting point:-90 °C
Boiling point:118 °C
Vapour pressure:4 Torr
Antoine equation
P(Torr) vs T(°C)
Vapour pressure vs temperature
Surface tension:24.57 dyn/cm
Viscosity:2.98 cP
Critical temperature:290 °C
Critical pressure:43.5 atm
Evaporation rate (ether):33.0
Evaporation rate (butyl acetate):0.5
Solubility in water:7 % w/w
Solubility of water:20 % w/w
Log10 partition water / activated carbon:2.36
Log10 partition octanol / water:2.34
Snyder P':3.9
Snyder X:Xe: 0.6    Xd: 0.2    Xn: 0.3
Solvent strength (ε0, alumina):0.70
Dimroth ET:50.2
Hildebrant solubility parameter (δ):11.4
Hansen solubility parameter:δd: 7.8 (cal/ml)^0.5   δp: 2.8 (cal/ml)^0.5   δh: 7.7 (cal/ml)^0.5
Kauri butanol value:225
Miscible with:
1,2,3-propanetriol,    1,2-diethoxyethane,    1,3-propanediol,    2,4-pentanedione,    2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethanol,    2-ethylhexanol,    2-methyl-1-propanethiol,    3-methyl-1-butanol,    4-hydroxy-4-methylpentan-2-one,    4-methyl-2-pentanone,    N,N-dipropylaniline,    benzaldehyde,    benzene,    benzonitrile,    benzothiazole,    benzyl alcohol,    butyl acetate,    dibutyl ether,    diethyl ether,    dimethyl disulfide,    ethanediol,    ethanol,    ethyl benzoate,    ethyl isothiocyanate,    ethyl thiocyanate,    formamide,    furfuryl alcohol,    hexanedinitrile,    isoamyl sulfide,    nitromethane,    octanol,    phenylmethanethiol,    pyridine,    tetrachloromethane,    tetraethylene glycol dibutyl ether,    tributylamine
100g dissolves:
21.5g 4-nitrobenzyl chloride
Specific heat capacity:41.0 cal/molK
Latent heat of fusion:2,215 cal/mol

Isomers

(2R)-butan-2-ol
Molecular structure of (2R)-butan-2-ol
(S)-(+)-2-butanol
Molecular structure of (S)-(+)-2-butanol
2-butanol
Molecular structure of 2-butanol
2-methoxypropane
Molecular structure of 2-methoxypropane
2-methyl-1-propanol
Molecular structure of 2-methyl-1-propanol
2-methyl-2-propanol
Molecular structure of 2-methyl-2-propanol
butanol
Molecular structure of butanol
diethyl ether
Molecular structure of diethyl ether
methyl propyl ether
Molecular structure of methyl propyl ether