3-methyl-1-butanol


1-hydroxy-3-methylbutane; i-amyl alcohol; isoamyl alcohol; isobutyl carbinol; isopentanol; isopentyl alcohol; 3-methylbutanol; 3-methyl-1-butanol; 3-methylbutan-1-ol; prim-isoamyl alcohol
Links:🌍 Wikipedia, 📏 NIST, 🕷 ChemSpider, 📖 PubMed,
📖Houben-Weyl, 2. Band (Isoamylalkohol); p. 16, 123, 201, 771
CAS:[123-51-3]
Formula:C5H12O; 88.15 g/mol
InChiKey:PHTQWCKDNZKARW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES:OCCC(C)C
Molecular structure of 3-methyl-1-butanol
Density:0.812 g/mL
Molar volume:108.6 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.401
Molecular refractive power:26.41 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:15.20
Dipole moment:1.70 D
Melting point:-134 °C
Boiling point:131 °C
Vapour pressure:2 Torr
Antoine equation
P(Torr) vs T(°C)
Vapour pressure vs temperature
Surface tension:23.80 dyn/cm
Viscosity:4.20 cP
Critical temperature:310 °C
Critical pressure:3.9 atm
Evaporation rate (ether):62.0
Solubility in water:3 % w/w
Log10 partition octanol / water:1.16
Snyder P':3.7
Snyder X:Xe: 0.6    Xd: 0.2    Xn: 0.3
Solvent strength (ε0, alumina):0.61
Dimroth ET:49.0
Immiscible with:
1,2,3-propanetriol
Miscible with:
1,2-diethoxyethane,    1,3-propanediol,    2,4-pentanedione,    2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethanol,    2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol,    2-ethylhexanol,    2-methyl-1-propanethiol,    4-hydroxy-4-methylpentan-2-one,    4-methyl-2-pentanone,    N,N-dimethylaniline,    N,N-dipropylaniline,    benzaldehyde,    benzene,    benzonitrile,    benzothiazole,    benzyl alcohol,    butanol,    butyl acetate,    diethyl ether,    dimethyl disulfide,    ethanediol,    ethanol,    ethyl benzoate,    ethyl isothiocyanate,    ethyl thiocyanate,    formamide,    furfuryl alcohol,    isoamyl sulfide,    nitromethane,    octanol,    phenylmethanethiol,    pyridine,    tetrachloromethane,    tetraethylene glycol dibutyl ether,    tributylamine
100g dissolves:
50g camphoric acid;    10.4g octadecanoic acid;    8.51g 3-nitroaniline;    6.29g 4-nitroaniline;    5.7g 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid;    1.18g urea;    1.1g cinchonine
Specific heat capacity:47.3 cal/molK

Isomers

2,2-dimethyl-1-propanol
Molecular structure of 2,2-dimethyl-1-propanol
2-ethoxypropane
Molecular structure of 2-ethoxypropane
ethyl propyl ether
Molecular structure of ethyl propyl ether
1-methoxy-2-methylpropane
Molecular structure of 1-methoxy-2-methylpropane
2-methoxy-2-methylpropane
Molecular structure of 2-methoxy-2-methylpropane
(R)-2-methylbutanol
Molecular structure of (R)-2-methylbutanol
(S)-(-)-2-methylbutanol
Molecular structure of (S)-(-)-2-methylbutanol
2-methyl-1-butanol
Molecular structure of 2-methyl-1-butanol
2-methyl-2-butanol
Molecular structure of 2-methyl-2-butanol
3-methyl-1-butanol
Molecular structure of 3-methyl-1-butanol
(R)-3-methyl-2-butanol
Molecular structure of (R)-3-methyl-2-butanol
(S)-(+)-3-methyl-2-butanol
Molecular structure of (S)-(+)-3-methyl-2-butanol
3-methyl-2-butanol
Molecular structure of 3-methyl-2-butanol
methyl butyl ether
Molecular structure of methyl butyl ether
methyl sec-butyl ether
Molecular structure of methyl sec-butyl ether
pentanol
Molecular structure of pentanol
(R)-2-pentanol
Molecular structure of (R)-2-pentanol
(S)-(+)-2-pentanol
Molecular structure of (S)-(+)-2-pentanol
2-pentanol
Molecular structure of 2-pentanol
3-pentanol
Molecular structure of 3-pentanol