1,2,3-propanetriol


1,2,3-propanetriol, glycerin, glycerol, propane-1,2,3-triol
Links:📏 NIST, ⚗️ ChemSynthesis, 📖 PubMed
MeSH:Cryoprotective Agents; Protective Agents; Solvents
CAS:[56-81-5]
Formula:C3H8O3; 92.09 g/mol
Molecular structure of 1,2,3-propanetriol
Density:1.260 g/mL
Molar volume:73.1 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.475
Molecular refractive power:20.56 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:47.00
Dipole moment:2.56 D
Melting point:18 °C
Boiling point:290 °C
Antoine equation
P(Torr) vs T(°C)
Vapour pressure vs temperature
Log10 partition octanol / water:-1.76
Dimroth ET:57.0
Hansen solubility parameter:δd: 8.5 (cal/ml)^0.5   δp: 5.9 (cal/ml)^0.5   δh: 14.3 (cal/ml)^0.5
Immiscible with:
(E)-3-phenyl-2-propenal,    1,2-diethoxyethane,    1-tetradecanol,    2,4-pentanedione,    2,6,8-trimethyl-4-nonanone,    2,6-dimethyl-4-heptanone,    2-ethoxyaniline,    2-ethylbutanoic acid,    2-ethylhexanol,    2-methyl-1-propanethiol,    2-propanone,    3-heptanol,    3-methyl-1-butanol,    3-methyl-2-butanone,    3-methylbutyl acetate,    4-hydroxy-4-methylpentan-2-one,    4-methoxybenzaldehyde,    4-methyl-2-pentanone,    4-methylpentanoic acid,    N,N-dimethylaniline,    N,N-dipropylaniline,    a-methylbenzyldimethylamine,    benzene,    benzonitrile,    benzothiazole,    butyl acetate,    dibenzyl ether,    diethyl ether,    dihexyl ether,    dimethyl disulfide,    ethyl (2E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoate,    ethyl benzoate,    ethyl chloroacetate,    ethyl isothiocyanate,    ethyl phenylacetate,    ethyl thiocyanate,    heptyl acetate,    hexanedinitrile,    hexanenitrile,    isoamyl sulfide,    nitromethane,    octanol,    phenylmethanethiol,    salicylaldehyde,    tetrachloromethane,    tetraethylene glycol dibutyl ether,    tributyl phosphate,    tributylamine,    trichloromethane
Partially miscible with:
dibutylamine,    dipentylamine
Miscible with:
1,3-propanediol,    1-amino-2-propanol,    1-phenylethan-1-amine,    2-(1-phenylethylamino)ethanol,    2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethanol,    2-(2-hydroxyethyl-(1-phenylethyl)amino)ethanol,    2-methylphenol,    2-phenylethylamine,    5-ethyl-2-methylpyridine,    N,N-diethylformamide,    N-(2-aminoethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine,    benzyl alcohol,    butanol,    diisopropylamine,    ethanediol,    ethanol,    formamide,    furfuryl alcohol,    pyridine,    triethylenetetramine
100g dissolves:
200g 2,2,2-trichloroethane-1,1-diol;    100g 2,2,3-trichlorobutane-1,1-diol;    100g 2-methoxyphenol;    50g urea;    33g ethyl carbamate;    25g cocaine hydrochloride;    20g morphine hydrochloride;    19.2g morphine acetate;    8.3g 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid;    7.73g benzoic acid;    3.63g succinic acid;    3.5g strychnine;    3g atropine;    2.2g brucine;    2g iodine;    0.97g iodine;    0.633g quinine;    0.5g cinchonine;    0.45g morphine;    0.25g strychnine;    0.14g sulfur

Isomers

1,2,3-propanetriol
Molecular structure of 1,2,3-propanetriol
1-methylperoxyethanol
Molecular structure of 1-methylperoxyethanol
ethylperoxymethanol
Molecular structure of ethylperoxymethanol