ethanol


alcohol, ethanol, ethyl alcohol, methyl carbinol
In russian:этиловый спирт
Links:🌍 Wikipedia, 📏 NIST, 🕷 ChemSpider, 📖 PubMed
MeSH:Anti-Infective Agents; Central Nervous System Agents; Solvents
CAS:[64-17-5]
Formula:C2H6O; 46.07 g/mol
InChiKey:LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Molecular structure of ethanol
Density:0.789 g/mL
Molar volume:58.4 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.361
Molecular refractive power:12.93 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:24.55
Dipole moment:1.66 D
Melting point:-114 °C
Boiling point:78 °C
Vapour pressure:44 Torr
Surface tension:22.32 dyn/cm
Viscosity:1.10 cP
Critical temperature:243 °C
Critical pressure:63.1 atm
Evaporation rate (ether):8.3
Evaporation rate (butyl acetate):2.4
Solubility in water:100 % w/w
Solubility of water:100 % w/w
Log10 partition water / activated carbon:1.35
Log10 partition octanol / water:-0.32
Snyder X:Xe: 0.5    Xd: 0.2    Xn: 0.3
Solvent strength (ε0, silica):0.68
Solvent strength (ε0, alumina):0.88
Dimroth ET:51.9
Hildebrant solubility parameter (δ):13.4
Hansen solubility parameter:δd: 7.7 (cal/ml)^0.5   δp: 4.3 (cal/ml)^0.5   δh: 9.5 (cal/ml)^0.5
Kauri butanol value:325
Miscible with:
(+-)-3-chloro-1,2-propanediol,    (E)-3-phenyl-2-propenal,    (R,S)-2,3-butanediol,    1,2,3-propanetriol,    1,2-diacetoxyethane,    1,2-diethoxyethane,    1,2-propanediol,    1,3-butanediol,    1,3-propanediol,    1-(2-ethoxyethyl)-2-methoxyethane,    1-butoxy-2-ethoxyethane,    1-heptadecanol,    1-tetradecanol,    2,4-pentanedione,    2,6,8-trimethyl-4-nonanone,    2,6-dimethyl-4-heptanone,    2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethanol,    2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)ethanol,    2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol,    2-bromoethyl acetate,    2-butoxyethanol,    2-chloroethanol,    2-ethoxyaniline,    2-ethoxyethanol,    2-ethylbutanoic acid,    2-ethylhexanol,    2-methoxyethanol,    2-methyl-1-propanethiol,    2-phenoxyethanol,    2-propanone,    3,6,9-trioxaundecane,    3-chloropropanol,    3-heptanol,    3-methyl-1-butanol,    3-methyl-2-butanone,    3-methylbutyl acetate,    4-hydroxy-4-methylpentan-2-one,    4-methyl-2-pentanone,    4-methylpentanoic acid,    4-oxa-2,6-heptandiol,    N,N-diethylformamide,    N,N-dimethylaniline,    N,N-dipropylaniline,    N-(2-aminoethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine,    a-methylbenzyldimethylamine,    benzaldehyde,    benzene,    benzonitrile,    benzothiazole,    benzyl alcohol,    butanol,    butyl acetate,    dibenzyl ether,    dibutyl carbonate,    dibutyl hydrogen phosphite,    diethyl ether,    diethylene glycol dibutyl ether,    dihexyl ether,    diisopropylamine,    dimethyl disulfide,    dipentylamine,    ethanediol,    ethyl (2E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoate,    ethyl benzoate,    ethyl chloroacetate,    ethyl isothiocyanate,    ethyl phenylacetate,    formamide,    furfuryl alcohol,    heptyl acetate,    hexanedinitrile,    isoamyl sulfide,    nitromethane,    octanol,    phenylmethanethiol,    pyridine,    sulfuric acid,    tetrachloromethane,    tetraethylene glycol dibutyl ether,    tributyl phosphate,    tributylamine,    trichloromethane,    triethyl phosphate,    triethylene glycol,    triethylenetetramine
100g dissolves:
236g 1,3-dihydroxybenzene;    215g 2,2,2-trichloroethane-1,1-diol;    187g phenylacetic acid;    166g ethyl carbamate;    160g 1,3-dihydroxybenzene;    160g 1,3-dihydroxybenzene;    116g 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetic acid;    112g camphoric acid;    110g 4-methylaniline;    100g camphoric acid;    100g 1,2,3-trihydroxybenzene;    100g quinine;    100g antipyrine;    96.7g ethyl carbamate;    91.4g L-malic acid;    89.8g 3-nitrobenzoic acid;    89.6g 3-nitrobenzoic acid;    83.5g 2-bromobutanedioic acid;    82.5g brucine;    78.8g 3-phenylpropionic acid;    74.5g 2-nitrobenzoic acid;    72.4g methylbutanedioic acid;    68.44g atropine;    65.1g phenylacetic acid;    65g phenyl 2-hydroxybenzoate;    63.7g codeine;    63.4g (Z)-docos-13-enoic acid;    63.1g benzoic acid;    62.1g citric acid;    57.3g n-dodecanoic acid;    56g diphenylamine;    56g triethylamine;    55.53g 2-hydroxybenzoic acid;    52.4g (Z)-butenedioic acid;    50g hyoscyamine hydrobromide;    41.3g malonic acid;    39g benzophenone;    38g cocaine hydrochloride;    36.8g ethanedioic acid;    31.5g acetamide;    31g tetradecanoic acid;    28.5g 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid;    27.6g (R,R)-tartaric acid;    24.548g iodine;    21.3g acetanilide;    19.93g iodine;    19.71g 4-nitrobenzoic acid;    18.3g octanedioic acid;    18.1g (2E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    17.6g hydroxylamine hydrochloride;    17.1g benzophenone;    11.7g andromedotoxin;    11.7g phthalic acid;    11.7g andromedotoxin;    11.66g hexadecanoic acid;    11.2g hexadecanoic acid;    11.1g 2,3,4,5-tetraiodopyrrole;    9.98g biphenyl;    9.8g naphthalene;    9.49g succinic acid;    9.1g octadecanoic acid;    8.7g 5,5-diethylbarbituric acid;    8.5g betaine;    8.37g 2,4,6-trinitrophenol;    8.05g 3-nitroaniline;    7.87g physostigmine salicylate;    7.1g 4-nitrobenzyl chloride;    6.66g pilocarpine;    6.39g 4-bromoacetanilide;    6.23g 1,1,2-tri(phenyl)guanidine;    6.2g hyoscine hydrobromide;    5.986g N-(2-bromo-4-chlorophenyl)acetamide;    5.88g azobenzene;    5.84g 4-nitroaniline;    5.45g 1,2,4-trinitrobenzene;    5.2g N-benzoylglycine;    5g cinchonidine;    5g urea;    4.91g phenanthrene;    4.6g phenanthrene;    4.6g morphine acetate;    4.54g aconitine;    4.366g N-(4-chlorophenyl)acetamide;    4.192g N-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)acetamide;    4g saccharin;    4g acenaphthene;    4g N-(2,4-dibromophenyl)acetamide;    3.59g 1-phenyl-2-thiourea;    3.5g 1,3-dinitrobenzene;    3.466g N-(4-bromo-2-chlorophenyl)acetamide;    3.22g hexamethylenetetramine;    3.08g homatropine hydrobromide;    2.92g 1,3-dinitrobenzene;    2.9g piperine;    2.81g quinidine;    2.62g apomorphine hydrochloride;    2.4g morphine hydrochloride;    2.39g N'-phenylbenzohydrazide;    2.14g iodoform;    2.08g bis(2-methoxyphenyl) carbonate;    1.9g 1,2-dinitrobenzene;    1.9g 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene;    1.88g caffeine;    1.71g ethylmorphine;    1.6g 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene;    1.56g D-mannitol;    1.37g pyrene;    1.25g methyl 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetate;    1.06g methyl (2R)-2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetate;    0.92g carbazole;    0.874g cinchonine;    0.833g strychnine;    0.74g hydrastinine;    0.6g morphine;    0.328g anthracene;    0.324g chrysarobin;    0.23g (7-diethylaminophenoxazin-3-ylidene)-diethylazanium chloride;    0.097g chrysene;    0.08g L-leucine;    0.07g sulfur;    0.02g tetra(phenyl)plumbane;    0.01g tetracyclohexyl lead
1g dissolvs in:
6.25g 1,4-dibromobenzene
Specific heat capacity:27.0 cal/molK
Latent heat of fusion:1,198 cal/mol

Isomers

dimethyl ether
Molecular structure of dimethyl ether
ethanol
Molecular structure of ethanol