benzene


[6]annulene; benzene; benzol; benzole; cyclohexatriene; phene; phenyl hydride
In russian:бензол
Links:🌍 Wikipedia, 📏 NIST, 📖 PubMed,
📖Houben-Weyl, 2. Band (Benzol); p. 71, 134, 156, 277, 298,
📖Org. Chem., v. Richter, 1. Vol (Benzene); p. 88
CAS:[71-43-2]
Formula:C6H6; 78.11 g/mol
InChiKey:UHOVQNZJYSORNB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES:c1ccccc1
Molecular structure of benzene
Use:airplane dope; antipyrin; blackings; coke ovens; disinfectants; dry cleaning compounds; dye intermediates; dyes; engraving; gasoline; glue stock degreasing; indigo dyes; lacquers; linoleum; lithographing; medicine; nitrobenzene; oil cloth; organic chemicals; paint removers; perfumes; phenacetin; phenol; photography; picric acid; rubber cements; saccharin; salicylic acid; shoe polish soaps; splicing solutions; spreading compound; textile cleaning and preservations
Density:0.879 g/mL
Molar volume:88.9 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.501
Molecular refractive power:26.20 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:2.28
Dipole moment:0.00 D
Melting point:6 °C
Boiling point:81 °C
Vapour pressure:78 Torr
Antoine equation
P(Torr) vs T(°C)
Vapour pressure vs temperature
Surface tension:28.90 dyn/cm
Viscosity:0.65 cP
Critical temperature:289 °C
Critical pressure:48.4 atm
Critical volume:259.00 ml/mol
Evaporation rate (ether):2.6
Evaporation rate (butyl acetate):3.5
Solubility in water:0 % w/w
Solubility of water:0 % w/w
Log10 partition water / activated carbon:3.60
Log10 partition octanol / water:2.14
Snyder P':2.7
Snyder X:Xe: 0.2    Xd: 0.3    Xn: 0.5
Solvent strength (ε0, silica):0.25
Solvent strength (ε0, alumina):0.32
Dimroth ET:34.3
Hildebrant solubility parameter (δ):9.2
Hansen solubility parameter:δd: 9.0 (cal/ml)^0.5   δp: 0.0 (cal/ml)^0.5   δh: 1.0 (cal/ml)^0.5
Kauri butanol value:112
Immiscible with:
(+-)-3-chloro-1,2-propanediol,    1,2,3-propanetriol,    1,2-propanediol,    1,3-butanediol,    1,3-propanediol,    2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethanol,    ethanediol,    formamide,    nitromethane,    sulfuric acid
Partially miscible with:
(R,S)-2,3-butanediol,    2-bromoethyl acetate,    triethylene glycol
Miscible with:
(E)-3-phenyl-2-propenal,    1,2-diacetoxyethane,    1,2-diethoxyethane,    1-heptadecanol,    1-tetradecanol,    2,4-pentanedione,    2,6,8-trimethyl-4-nonanone,    2,6-dimethyl-4-heptanone,    2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethanol,    2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)ethanol,    2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethanol,    2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol,    2-butoxyethanol,    2-chloroethanol,    2-ethoxyaniline,    2-ethoxyethanol,    2-ethylbutanoic acid,    2-ethylhexanol,    2-methoxyethanol,    2-methyl-1-propanethiol,    2-phenoxyethanol,    2-propanone,    3,6,9-trioxaundecane,    3-chloropropanol,    3-heptanol,    3-methyl-1-butanol,    3-methyl-2-butanone,    3-methylbutyl acetate,    4-methyl-2-pentanone,    4-methylpentanoic acid,    4-oxa-2,6-heptandiol,    N,N-diethylformamide,    N,N-dipropylaniline,    N-(2-aminoethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine,    a-methylbenzyldimethylamine,    benzaldehyde,    benzonitrile,    benzothiazole,    benzyl alcohol,    butanol,    butyl acetate,    dibenzyl ether,    dibutyl carbonate,    dibutyl ether,    dibutyl hydrogen phosphite,    diethyl ether,    diethylene glycol dibutyl ether,    dihexyl ether,    diisopropylamine,    dimethyl disulfide,    dipentylamine,    ethanol,    ethyl benzoate,    ethyl chloroacetate,    ethyl isothiocyanate,    ethyl phenylacetate,    ethyl thiocyanate,    furfuryl alcohol,    heptyl acetate,    hexanedinitrile,    hexanenitrile,    isoamyl sulfide,    octanol,    phenylmethanethiol,    pyridine,    tetrachloromethane,    tetraethylene glycol dibutyl ether,    trans-ethyl cinnamate,    tributyl phosphate,    tributylamine,    trichloromethane,    triethyl phosphate,    triethylenetetramine
100g dissolves:
775g phenyl 2-hydroxybenzoate;    100g cocaine;    95.3g 2-nitrophenol;    87.5g benzophenone;    83.8g 1,4-dibromobenzene;    78.6g benzophenone;    59.7g 4-nitrobenzyl chloride;    59.5g phenanthrene;    39.45g 1,3-dinitrobenzene;    36g naphthalene;    35g 1,3-dinitrobenzene;    26.9g (Z)-2,3-dibromo-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    21.2g (E)-2,3-dichloro-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    17.85g aconitine;    14.1g 1-methyl-1-phenylurea;    12.65g iodine;    12.23g benzoic acid;    11.6g benzoic acid;    11.4g codeine;    11g (E)-2-chloro-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    10.6g (E)-2,3-dibromo-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    9.76g hydrastinine;    9.56g 2,4,6-trinitrophenol;    8.95g triphenylmethane;    8.8g benzoic acid;    8.33g phenol;    6.9g (E)-2-bromo-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    6.2g 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene;    6.1g (Z)-2,3-dichloro-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    5.66g 1,2-dinitrobenzene;    5.17g (E)-2-bromo-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    4g chrysarobin;    3.17g (E)-3-chloro-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    2.6g (E)-2-chloro-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    2.46g acetanilide;    2.451g quinidine;    2.45g quinidine;    2.45g 3-nitroaniline;    1.98g 4-nitroaniline;    1.94g (E)-3-chloro-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    1.86g anthracene;    1.7g quinine;    1.7g sulfur;    1.58g (E)-3-bromo-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    1.35g quinidine;    1.145g tetra(phenyl)plumbane;    1.12g brucine;    1.068g tetracyclohexyl lead;    1.05g 2-chlorobenzoic acid;    0.94g colchicine;    0.911g caffeine;    0.9g 3-nitrobenzoic acid;    0.9g 2-hydroxybenzoic acid;    0.86g (E)-3-bromo-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    0.78g 2-hydroxybenzoic acid;    0.77g strychnine;    0.769g hyoscyamine;    0.65g 4'-ethoxyacetanilide;    0.538g 9,10-phenanthraquinone;    0.5g quinine;    0.33g 2-nitrobenzoic acid;    0.256g anthraquinone;    0.13g 3-chlorobenzoic acid;    0.127g cinchonidine;    0.099g cinchonidine;    0.0625g morphine;    0.0597g benzylurea;    0.057g cinchonine;    0.0545g cinchonine;    0.043g (4-methylphenyl)urea;    0.022g 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid;    0.02g 4-chlorobenzoic acid;    0.02g 4-nitrobenzoic acid;    0.0155g (2-methylphenyl)urea;    0.0086g (R,R)-tartaric acid;    0.008g 3-hydroxybenzoic acid;    0.008g camphoric acid;    0.0027g 4-hydroxybenzoic acid;    0g citric acid
1g dissolves in:
0.15g formic acid;    1.33g 1,4-dibromobenzene;    1,219.51g water
Specific heat capacity:31.0 cal/molK
Latent heat of fusion:2,375 cal/mol

Isomers

benzene
Molecular structure of benzene
benzvalene
Molecular structure of benzvalene
fulvene
Molecular structure of fulvene
(3E)-hexa-1,3-dien-5-yne
Molecular structure of (3E)-hexa-1,3-dien-5-yne
1,5-hexadien-3-yne
Molecular structure of 1,5-hexadien-3-yne
1,3-hexadiyne
Molecular structure of 1,3-hexadiyne
1,4-hexadiyne
Molecular structure of 1,4-hexadiyne
1,5-hexadiyne
Molecular structure of 1,5-hexadiyne
2,4-hexadiyne
Molecular structure of 2,4-hexadiyne