toluene


methylbenzene, toluene, toluol
In russian:толуол
Links:🌍 Wikipedia, 📏 NIST, 🕷 ChemSpider, ⚗️ ChemSynthesis, 📖 PubMed
MeSH:Solvents
CAS:[108-88-3]
Formula:C7H8; 92.14 g/mol
Molecular structure of toluene
Density:0.867 g/mL
Molar volume:106.3 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.497
Molecular refractive power:31.10 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:2.38
Dipole moment:0.31 D
Melting point:-93 °C
Boiling point:111 °C
Vapour pressure:29 Torr
Antoine equation
P(Torr) vs T(°C)
Vapour pressure vs temperature
Surface tension:28.53 dyn/cm
Viscosity:0.59 cP
Critical temperature:319 °C
Critical pressure:41.6 atm
Evaporation rate (ether):6.1
Evaporation rate (butyl acetate):2.0
Solubility in water:0 % w/w
Solubility of water:0 % w/w
Log10 partition water / activated carbon:2.90
Log10 partition octanol / water:2.69
Snyder P':2.4
Snyder X:Xe: 0.3    Xd: 0.3    Xn: 0.5
Solvent strength (ε0, alumina):0.29
Dimroth ET:33.9
Hildebrant solubility parameter (δ):8.9
Hansen solubility parameter:δd: 8.8 (cal/ml)^0.5   δp: 0.7 (cal/ml)^0.5   δh: 1.0 (cal/ml)^0.5
Kauri butanol value:105
100g dissolves:
510.5g phenyl 2-hydroxybenzoate;    123g 2-nitrophenol;    64g benzophenone;    36g 2,2,2-trichloroethane-1,1-diol;    30.66g 1,3-dinitrobenzene;    28g naphthalene;    24.5g acenaphthene;    16.54g pyrene;    15.75g octadecanoic acid;    15.48g ethyl carbamate;    12g 2,4,6-trinitrophenol;    10.69g benzoic acid;    4.85g 3-nitrophenol;    3.62g 1,2-dinitrobenzene;    1.71g 3-nitroaniline;    1.48g sulfur;    1.31g 4-nitroaniline;    0.925g phenanthrene;    0.92g anthracene;    0.58g caffeine;    0.55g carbazole;    0.5g acetanilide;    0.3g 4'-ethoxyacetanilide;    0.24g chrysene;    0.15g camphoric acid;    0g citric acid
Specific heat capacity:41.0 cal/molK
Latent heat of fusion:1,580 cal/mol

Isomers

1,3-heptadiyne
Molecular structure of 1,3-heptadiyne
1,5-heptadiyne
Molecular structure of 1,5-heptadiyne
1,6-heptadiyne
Molecular structure of 1,6-heptadiyne
1-ethynylcyclopentene
Molecular structure of 1-ethynylcyclopentene
2,5-norbornadiene
Molecular structure of 2,5-norbornadiene
2-methyl-1,5-hexadien-3-yne
Molecular structure of 2-methyl-1,5-hexadien-3-yne
cycloheptatriene
Molecular structure of cycloheptatriene
quadricyclane
Molecular structure of quadricyclane
toluene
Molecular structure of toluene