diethyl ether


1,1'-oxybisethane, 3-oxapentane, diethyl ether, diethyl oxide, ether, ethoxyethane, ethyl ether, ethyl oxide, sulfuric ether, vinic ether
In russian:этиловый эфир
Links:🌍 Wikipedia, 📏 NIST, 📖 PubMed
MeSH:Anesthetics; Anesthetics, Inhalation; Central Nervous System Agents; Solvents
CAS:[60-29-7]
Formula:C4H10O; 74.12 g/mol
Molecular structure of diethyl ether
Density:0.713 g/mL
Molar volume:103.9 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.352
Molecular refractive power:22.50 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:4.33
Dipole moment:1.30 D
Melting point:-117 °C
Boiling point:35 °C
Vapour pressure:442 Torr
Antoine equation
P(Torr) vs T(°C)
Vapour pressure vs temperature
Surface tension:17.06 dyn/cm
Viscosity:0.24 cP
Critical temperature:200 °C
Critical pressure:35.6 atm
Evaporation rate (ether):1.0
Evaporation rate (butyl acetate):28.0
Solubility in water:7 % w/w
Solubility of water:1 % w/w
Log10 partition octanol / water:0.77
Snyder P':2.8
Snyder X:Xe: 0.5    Xd: 0.1    Xn: 0.3
Solvent strength (ε0, silica):0.38
Solvent strength (ε0, alumina):0.38
Dimroth ET:34.5
Hildebrant solubility parameter (δ):7.4
Hansen solubility parameter:δd: 7.1 (cal/ml)^0.5   δp: 1.4 (cal/ml)^0.5   δh: 2.5 (cal/ml)^0.5
Immiscible with:
1,2,3-propanetriol,    1,3-propanediol,    2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethanol,    ethanediol,    formamide,    triethylene glycol
Partially miscible with:
1,2-propanediol
Miscible with:
(+-)-3-chloro-1,2-propanediol,    (E)-3-phenyl-2-propenal,    (R,S)-2,3-butanediol,    1,2-diacetoxyethane,    1,2-diethoxyethane,    1-(2-ethoxyethyl)-2-methoxyethane,    1-butoxy-2-ethoxyethane,    1-heptadecanol,    1-tetradecanol,    2,4-pentanedione,    2,6,8-trimethyl-4-nonanone,    2,6-dimethyl-4-heptanone,    2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)ethanol,    2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol,    2-bromoethyl acetate,    2-butoxyethanol,    2-chloroethanol,    2-ethoxyaniline,    2-ethoxyethanol,    2-ethylbutanoic acid,    2-ethylhexanol,    2-methoxyethanol,    2-phenoxyethanol,    2-propanone,    3,6,9-trioxaundecane,    3-chloropropanol,    3-heptanol,    3-methyl-1-butanol,    3-methyl-2-butanone,    3-methylbutyl acetate,    4-hydroxy-4-methylpentan-2-one,    4-methyl-2-pentanone,    4-methylpentanoic acid,    4-oxa-2,6-heptandiol,    N,N-diethylformamide,    N,N-dipropylaniline,    N-(2-aminoethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine,    a-methylbenzyldimethylamine,    benzaldehyde,    benzene,    benzyl alcohol,    butanol,    butyl acetate,    dibenzyl ether,    dibutyl carbonate,    dibutyl hydrogen phosphite,    diethylene glycol dibutyl ether,    dihexyl ether,    diisopropylamine,    dipentylamine,    ethanol,    ethyl (2E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoate,    ethyl benzoate,    ethyl chloroacetate,    ethyl phenylacetate,    furfuryl alcohol,    heptyl acetate,    nitromethane,    octanol,    pyridine,    tetrachloromethane,    tetraethylene glycol dibutyl ether,    tributyl phosphate,    trichloromethane,    triethyl phosphate,    triethylenetetramine
100g dissolves:
302g bromoethane;    200g 2,2,2-trichloroethane-1,1-diol;    173g d-camphor;    100g ethyl carbamate;    91.4g camphoric acid;    90.9g 1,2,3-trihydroxybenzene;    71.3g 1,4-dibromobenzene;    66.6g 2,3,4,5-tetraiodopyrrole;    46.74g benzoic acid;    42.9g phenanthrene;    38.4g benzoic acid;    35.31g 3-nitrobenzoic acid;    35.1g iodine;    30.27g 2-nitrobenzoic acid;    25.06g octadecanoic acid;    24.5g benzophenone;    23.1g 4-nitrobenzyl chloride;    19.85g 3-chlorobenzoic acid;    19.2g iodoform;    16g morphine;    11.6g cocaine;    9g malonic acid;    8g codeine;    7.96g bis(2-methoxyphenyl) carbonate;    7.89g 3-nitroaniline;    6.1g 4-nitroaniline;    6.02g atropine;    5g 2,4,6-trinitrophenol;    3.17g 4-nitrobenzoic acid;    2.8g pilocarpine;    2.8g acetanilide;    2.45g 4-chlorobenzoic acid;    2.33g 1-methyl-1-phenylurea;    2.27g aconitine;    2.02g hyoscyamine;    1.58g 4'-ethoxyacetanilide;    1.5g 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene;    1.42g anthracene;    1.39g 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid;    1.3g antipyrine;    1.265g succinic acid;    1.2g hydroxylamine hydrochloride;    1.05g citric acid;    0.97g sulfur;    0.876g quinine;    0.876g quinine;    0.873g chrysarobin;    0.78g quinidine;    0.776g quinidine;    0.755g brucine;    0.71g thebaine;    0.684g phthalic acid;    0.61g (R,R)-tartaric acid;    0.57g physostigmine salicylate;    0.51g hydrastinine;    0.38g papaverine;    0.28g sulfur;    0.267g caffeine;    0.211g cinchonidine;    0.13g colchicine;    0.1g cinchonine;    0.07g andromedotoxin;    0.07g andromedotoxin;    0.062g hyoscyamine hydrobromide;    0.062g (4-methylphenyl)urea;    0.055g cinchonine;    0.053g apomorphine hydrochloride;    0.053g benzylurea;    0.043g strychnine;    0.032g theobromine;    0.0224g morphine;    0.0162g (2-methylphenyl)urea
1g dissolvs in:
1.61g 1,4-dibromobenzene
Specific heat capacity:40.0 cal/molK
Latent heat of fusion:1,735 cal/mol

Isomers

2-butanol
Molecular structure of 2-butanol
2-methoxypropane
Molecular structure of 2-methoxypropane
2-methyl-1-propanol
Molecular structure of 2-methyl-1-propanol
2-methyl-2-propanol
Molecular structure of 2-methyl-2-propanol
butanol
Molecular structure of butanol
diethyl ether
Molecular structure of diethyl ether
methyl propyl ether
Molecular structure of methyl propyl ether