chloroform


chloroform, trichloromethane
In russian:хлороформ
Links:🌍 Wikipedia, 📏 NIST, 📖 PubMed
MeSH:Solvents
CAS:[67-66-3]
Formula:CHCl3; 119.38 g/mol
Molecular structure of trichloromethane
Density:1.489 g/mL
Molar volume:80.2 mL/mol
Refractive index:1.446
Molecular refractive power:21.37 mL/mol
Dielectric constant:4.81
Dipole moment:1.15 D
Melting point:-64 °C
Boiling point:61 °C
Vapour pressure:158 Torr
Antoine equation
P(Torr) vs T(°C)
Vapour pressure vs temperature
Surface tension:27.16 dyn/cm
Viscosity:0.57 cP
Critical temperature:263 °C
Critical pressure:23.5 atm
Evaporation rate (ether):1.9
Solubility in water:1 % w/w
Solubility of water:0 % w/w
Log10 partition water / activated carbon:3.60
Log10 partition octanol / water:1.97
Snyder P':4.1
Snyder X:Xe: 0.3    Xd: 0.4    Xn: 0.3
Solvent strength (ε0, silica):0.26
Solvent strength (ε0, alumina):0.40
Dimroth ET:39.1
Hildebrant solubility parameter (δ):9.3
Hansen solubility parameter:δd: 8.7 (cal/ml)^0.5   δp: 1.5 (cal/ml)^0.5   δh: 2.8 (cal/ml)^0.5
Immiscible with:
1,2,3-propanetriol
Miscible with:
(+-)-3-chloro-1,2-propanediol,    (E)-3-phenyl-2-propenal,    (R,S)-2,3-butanediol,    1,2-diacetoxyethane,    1,2-propanediol,    1,3-butanediol,    1,3-propanediol,    1-(2-ethoxyethyl)-2-methoxyethane,    1-butoxy-2-ethoxyethane,    1-heptadecanol,    1-tetradecanol,    2,6,8-trimethyl-4-nonanone,    2,6-dimethyl-4-heptanone,    2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)ethanol,    2-bromoethyl acetate,    2-butoxyethanol,    2-chloroethanol,    2-ethoxyaniline,    2-ethoxyethanol,    2-ethylbutanoic acid,    2-methoxyethanol,    2-phenoxyethanol,    2-propanone,    3,6,9-trioxaundecane,    3-chloropropanol,    3-heptanol,    3-methyl-2-butanone,    3-methylbutyl acetate,    4-methylpentanoic acid,    4-oxa-2,6-heptandiol,    N,N-diethylformamide,    N,N-dipropylaniline,    N-(2-aminoethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine,    a-methylbenzyldimethylamine,    benzene,    dibenzyl ether,    dibutyl carbonate,    dibutyl hydrogen phosphite,    diethyl ether,    diethylene glycol dibutyl ether,    dihexyl ether,    diisopropylamine,    dipentylamine,    ethanol,    ethyl (2E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoate,    ethyl benzoate,    ethyl chloroacetate,    ethyl phenylacetate,    heptyl acetate,    hexanenitrile,    tributyl phosphate,    trichloromethane,    triethyl phosphate,    triethylene glycol,    triethylenetetramine
100g dissolves:
400g d-camphor;    151g phenylacetic acid;    133g codeine;    100g antipyrine;    77g ethyl carbamate;    70.9g triphenylmethane;    66.6g bis(2-methoxyphenyl) carbonate;    64.1g atropine;    60.17g phenylacetic acid;    58.8g pilocarpine;    51g quinine;    49.4g coumarin;    47.7g triethylsulfonium iodide;    47.7g 4-nitrobenzyl chloride;    40g hyoscyamine hydrobromide;    39.6g ethyl carbamate;    37.3g benzophenone;    34g 2,2,2-trichloroethane-1,1-diol;    33g 1,3-dinitrobenzene;    32.4g 1,3-dinitrobenzene;    31.8g naphthalene;    27.1g 1,2-dinitrobenzene;    27g acenaphthene;    19g cinchonidine;    16.91g dimethylamine hydrochloride;    16.45g octadecanoic acid;    15.14g benzoic acid;    15g benzoic acid;    13.1g brucine;    12.5g caffeine;    12.09g (2E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid;    11.6g physostigmine salicylate;    10.7g acetanilide;    10.25g strychnine;    9.301g cinchonidine;    8.58g phenylpropynoic acid;    8.09g hexamethylenetetramine;    6.1g 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene;    5.55g chrysarobin;    5.4g cocaine hydrochloride;    5g 4'-ethoxyacetanilide;    3.16g 3-nitrobenzoic acid;    3.1g iodine;    3.01g 3-nitroaniline;    2.461g 9,10-phenanthraquinone;    2.31g 4-nitroaniline;    1.79g iodine;    1.48g 2-hydroxybenzoic acid;    1.35g quinidine;    1.328g (S)-mandelic acid;    1.13g 2-nitrobenzoic acid;    1.07g 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetic acid;    0.95g 2,3,4,5-tetraiodopyrrole;    0.92g sulfur;    0.822g water;    0.6979g cinchonine;    0.605g anthraquinone;    0.6g cinchonine;    0.26g andromedotoxin;    0.26g andromedotoxin;    0.226g water;    0.21g morphine acetate;    0.16g homatropine hydrobromide;    0.153g camphoric acid;    0.133g hyoscine hydrobromide;    0.08g 4-nitrobenzoic acid;    0.0655g morphine;    0.0504g morphine;    0.05g 3-aminobenzoic acid;    0.026g apomorphine hydrochloride;    0g citric acid
1g dissolvs in:
140.45g water;    140.45g water
Specific heat capacity:27.0 cal/molK
Latent heat of fusion:2,097 cal/mol